Your Colon & Rectum
Colon Cancer Risk Factors
Your Colon Cancer Risk Tool
Click the Colon Cancer Risk Calculator Tool from The Siteman Cancer Center to help determine if you have any risks.
Other Risks May Include:
- Age. The great majority of people diagnosed with colon cancer are older than 50. Colon cancer does occur in younger people and the incidences are growing.
- Race. Black people have a greater risk of colorectal cancer than do people of other races.
- Personal history of colorectal cancer or polyps. If you’ve already had colon cancer, you have a greater risk of colon cancer in the future.
- Family history of colon cancer and colon polyps. You’re more likely to develop colon cancer if you have a parent, sibling or child with the disease.
- Smoking. People who smoke cigarettes may have an increased risk of colon cancer.
- Not exercising. If you’re inactive, you’re more likely to develop colon cancer. Getting regular physical activity may reduce your risk of colon cancer.
- Diabetes. People with diabetes and insulin resistance may have an increased risk of colon cancer.
- Obesity. People who are obese have an increased risk of colon cancer.
- Alcohol. Heavy use of alcohol may increase your risk of colon cancer.
- Not eating healthy. Colon cancer and rectal cancer may be associated with a diet low in fiber and high in fat and calories.
- Inflammatory intestinal conditions. Chronic inflammatory diseases of the colon, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease, can increase your risk of colon cancer.
- Inherited syndromes. Genetic syndromes passed through generations of your family can increase your risk of colon cancer.
- Radiation therapy for cancer. Radiation therapy directed at the abdomen to treat previous cancers may increase the risk of colon cancer.